Visit Website Even though Berlin was located entirely within the Soviet part of the country it sat about miles from the border between the eastern and western occupation zonesthe Yalta and Potsdam agreements split the city into similar sectors.
Its rise and fall represents an important chapter in the political history of the world. At the end of World War 2 inGermany was divided into four administrative sectors, one for each of the three victorious combatants, Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union, and one for France.
Berlin, as capital city, was itself divided similarly into four sectors. Being situated entirely within the Soviet Sector, Berlin provided an ongoing flashpoint in the developing enmity between the Soviet Union and the West.
The idea, in theory at least, was that the four administrative powers would, following reconstruction, leave a unified Germany to itself. But this ideal was not current thinking in the Soviet Union. Amid the ruins of Germany's once-proud capital, on the morning of May 2nd,a convoy of trucks rolled in from the east.
They brought several soviet political officers and some German communists who had been living in exile in Moscow. One such was Walter Ulbricht, destined to hold absolute power in what was to become an independent German Democratic Republic.
It would later be Ulbricht's proud boast, that as he entered Berlin he had under his arm a complete set of plans for the physical, industrial, and political reconstruction of an independent East Germany along socialist lines, worked out by his own team in Moscow.
Little by little, socialist-style planning took root, while in the political field, a single-party system was imposed. On October 7th,the Soviet Zone formally declared itself an independent State: This followed a manipulated vote in the Volkskammer People's Chamberand a Constitution was formulated for the new socialist nation.
A vote was promised, but in reality East Germans would have to wait forty years for it. Elections in East Germany became a farce; citizens were required to vote under threat of denunciation and repression, and alternative choices were there none.
The Soviet Union focused its economy on heavy and chemical industry: East Germany would do the same.
So as an excess of steel was produced, food for the population remained a scarcity. Ulbricht had no problem with that; "We will win, as long as we follow the Great Stalin", he told the Second Socialist Party Conference in Stalin's death on March 5th threw the East German command into confusion, forcing the country's leaders to start thinking for themselves.
And as they reviewed their own country, they were confronted with increasing dissatisfaction, unpopularity of the regime, and "a vote with the feet" which was gradually draining the country of its youth and best brains.
In, fled to the West, thenmore inand overin Something had to be done. The answer was a "New Course" which was supposed to provide the population with more consumer goods.
Recent price increases were withdrawn, but not the increase in working hours. The latter was a bad mistake. Next day their action was repeated in over towns and cities across the DDR. Strikes became demonstrations, not just for new economic policies, but for free, Germany-wide elections and an end to the all-pervading Socialist Party rule.A Brief Look At The Rise And Fall Of The Berlin Wall.
Although the Berlin Wall was not constructed until , its foundations dated as far back as October of , when the Soviet Union established the German Democratic Republic in the sector of Germany which had .
The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall. A wall that was built to keep people in was torn down to do the same—19 years ago this week. November 9, marks the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
In the summer of , President John F Kennedy visited Europe, including West Berlin, where he made his anti-communist ‘Ich bin ein Berliner’ speech. the fall of the Berlin Wall, the rise. The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall The rise of the Berlin Wall was not only a means of restrictive passage, but a symbolization of the Cold War. The fall of the Berlin Wall was also a symbol for the fall of the Soviet Union and the Cold War. The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier that divided Berlin from to , constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August , that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin until it was opened in November
The barrier between the eastern and western sectors of the German city began going up in On August 13 of that year. A Brief Look At The Rise And Fall Of The Berlin Wall. Although the Berlin Wall was not constructed until , its foundations dated as far back as October of , when the Soviet Union established the German Democratic Republic in the sector of Germany which had .
The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier that divided Berlin from to , constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August , that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin until it was opened in November THE RISE AND FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL.
The Berlin Wall was a Symbol, a Symbol of an unworkable System economic decline surveillance and oppression. Its rise and fall represents an important chapter in the political history of the world.