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There are many common characteristics among the various addictive behaviors: The person becomes obsessed constantly thinks of the object, activity, or substance. They will seek it out, or engage in the behaivor even though it is causing harm physical problems, poor work or study performance, problems with friends, family, fellow workers.
Upon cessation of the activity, withdrawal symptoms often occur. These can include irritability, craving, restlessness or depression. The person does not appear to have control as to when, how long, or how much he or she will continue the behavior loss of control.
They drink 6 beers when they only wanted one, buy 8 pairs of shoes when they only needed a belt, ate the whole box of cookies, etc. Person hides the behavior after family or close friends have mentioned their concern.
Many individuals with addictive behaviors report a blackout for the time they were engaging in the behavior don't remember how much or what they bought, how much the lost gambeling, how many miles they ran on a sore foot, what they did at the party when drinking 9.
Depression is common in individuals with addictive behaviors. That is why it is important to make an appointment with a physician to find out what is going on.
Individuals with addictive behaviors often have low self esteem, feel anxious if the do not have control over their environment, and come from psychologically or physically abusive families.
What Causes Addictive Behaviors Edit There is no consensus as to the etiology causeprevention, and treatment of addictive disorders. Selected Contemporary Perspectives," came up with no less than forty-three theories of chemical addiction and at least fifteen methods of treatment!
As an example of this confusion, many people consider addictive behaviors such as gambling and alcoholism as "diseases," but others consider them to be behaviors learned in response to the complex interplay between heredity and environmental factors.
Still others argue for a genetic cause. Some reserchers point out that, unlike most common diseases such as tuberculosis, which has a definite cause a microbe and a definite treatment model to which everyone agrees, there is no conclusive cause or definite treatment method to which everyone agrees for most of the addictive behaviors.
This lack of agreement among experts causes problems with prevention and treatment approaches for many addictive behaviors. Professionals debate whether total abstinence or controlled and moderate use of a substance such as alochol or activity such as gambling is effective. Others debate whether or not a medication is a desirable treatment method.
In the area of addiction to food or exercise, of course, few advocate total abstinence as a solution. Though the theories for the causes of addictive behaviors and their treatment are numerous, various types of therapy can help a person who has an addictive behavior.
If you think you, or a family member, might be addicted to a substance, activity, object, or behavior, please talk to your family physician, clergy person, counselor, or seek out a support group for the problem.* The failings of physical-dependence theories have lent support to positive-incentive theories; according to positive-incentive theories of addiction, most addicts take dugs to obtain their pleasurable effects, rather than to escape their aversive aftereffects.
Focuses on the exploration of major psychological theories and concepts, methods, and research findings in psychology. Topics include the biological bases of behavior, perception, cognition and consciousness, learning, memory, emotion, motivation, development, personality, social psychology, psychological disorders and therapeutic approaches.
Substance abuse counseling is a psychological specialty in desperate need of licensed professionals who really believe in their patients’ ability to overcome addiction and change their lives for good.
Biopsychology of Chemical Dependency: Drugs, Behavior and Health • To describe the withdrawal syndrome and the theories describing psychological and physiological critiquing the psychological phenomena of addiction and some premise from our lectures or texts that.
Oct 03, · Addiction is a chronic disorder with biological, psychological, social and environmental factors influencing its development and maintenance.
About half the risk for addiction is genetic. About half the risk for addiction is genetic. Biological explanations of addiction 1.
Biological, Cognitive and Learningapproaches to explaining initiation,maintenance and relapse, and theirapplications to smoking .